Musical theory and philosophy: the case of Archestratus

TitleMusical theory and philosophy: the case of Archestratus
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsBarker, A
Ancient AuthorsAristoteles et Corpus Aristotelicum Phil. (TLG 0086), Arkhestratos (250-150 BCE) (EANS), Porphyrius Phil. (TLG 2034), Philodemus Phil. (TLG 1595), Aristoxenus Mus. (TLG 0088)

Little is known about the harmonic theorist Archestratus (probably early 3rd century BC). Our only substantial information comes from Porphyry, who quotes a brief comment by a certain Didymus on his epistemological stance, and seeks to justify it through reflection on a rather startling technical doctrine which Archestratus propounded; and from Philodemus, who comments scathingly on his view of the relation between harmonic theory and philosophy. Neither passage is easy to interpret; this paper tries to make sense of them, and to set them in an intelligible relation to one another. It argues that the doctrine recorded by Porphyry becomes comprehensible when it is placed against the background of Aristoxenus' work in harmonics, and it discusses Porphyry's inferences about the way in which his epistemological position